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Mergers and acquisitions in family businesses: current literature and future insights

Maija Worek (Department of Strategic Management, Marketing and Tourism, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria)

Journal of Family Business Management

ISSN: 2043-6238

Article publication date: 10 July 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the current state of literature concerning mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in family businesses and to highlight areas for future research.

Design/methodology/approach

This literature review systematically analyses the findings of 41 journal articles on M&A in family businesses, identifying key thematic categories according to the main topics of the studies.

Findings

This study finds that it is important to distinguish and examine the type of governance, such as family and non-family, when studying M&A issues, because their distinctive features influence their strategic choices, business goals, and, thus, M&A behavior. Three topic areas are identified in existing research: M&A propensity, process, and performance. Furthermore, methodological and definitional issues regarding the findings are discussed.

Research limitations/implications

The findings imply that owing to their idiosyncratic nature, the use of alternative theoretical frameworks in addition to agency theory is encouraged in future studies in order to better capture the nature of family businesses. In general, further research on M&A issues in family business settings is needed, especially in the pre-merger phase, which is crucial to M&A performance.

Social implications

Overlooking particular issues that may arise in the context of transactions involving family businesses may lead to problems in M&A processes. Recognizing the importance of these issues in such transactions has important value for practitioners supporting family businesses in M&A processes.

Originality/value

This study takes the first step in analyzing the literature on M&A in family businesses, establishing linkages between family business, corporate governance, and financial management literature, and structuring the existing research to highlight opportunities with relevance for both theory and practice.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research is supported by Niilo Helander Foundation and Foundation of Economic Education.

Citation

Worek, M. (2017), "Mergers and acquisitions in family businesses: current literature and future insights", Journal of Family Business Management, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 177-206. https://doi.org/10.1108/JFBM-04-2016-0009

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited