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Education and earnings within dual-earner couples in Central Europe

Martina Mysíková (The Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 9 November 2015

341

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to focus on earnings inequality within dual-earner couples in four Central-East European (CEE) countries: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia. It aims to analyse the factors that influence earnings distribution within couples.

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis uses OLS regression applied on the Statistics on Income and Living Conditions 2011 survey to reveal the various influence of relevant factors, especially relative education and the presence of children, on relative earnings.

Findings

Women, on average, contribute less to a couple’s income than men. While considerably higher in the Czech Republic and Slovakia, such disparity is relatively low in Hungary and Poland. These countries have the highest share of dual-earner couples where the woman outearns her partner. The factor that substantially reduces the within-couple earnings inequality in all the analysed countries is a higher relative education of women. On the contrary, the presence of children, especially those of younger age, increases this disparity in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

Originality/value

The research on within-couple earning inequality in CEE countries lags behind the relatively rich evidence from western Europe. This is the first study which systematically describes the situation in CEE countries from a comparative perspective.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

JEL Classification — D19, J31, J79

Work on this paper was supported by Grant No. P402/12/G130 “The relationships between skills, schooling and labour market outcomes: a longitudinal study” from the Czech Science Foundation. The author wishes to thank Jiří Večerník (The Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague) for his valuable comments and advice.

The usual disclaimer applies.

Citation

Mysíková, M. (2015), "Education and earnings within dual-earner couples in Central Europe", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 42 No. 6, pp. 1175-1190. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-12-2013-0193

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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