The purpose of this paper is to examine the influence of institutional quality on the export-led growth (ELG) with global evidence of a panel of 119 countries.
The research framework looks at the role of exports in promoting growth via. good institutional quality. The methods of testing are panel data approach of causality, and fixed and random effects models.
Empirical results show that good Institutional quality mediates the ELG relationship in general, and middle income group in specific. The legal institutional quality has significant positive impact, whereas political and economic institutional quality have significant negative impact on ELG for all sampled countries.
The Kuncic’s (2014) institutional quality data are annually available between 1990 and 2010. Therefore, time series analysis for individual country is bias with 21 observations. And, this study ignores other potential variables such as capital, labor, real exchange rate, and so on, may possibly contribute to omitted-variables bias.
Policymakers may well utilize institutional quality reforms either in terms of improving existing institutional quality or enhancing “second-best” institutions as a policy instrument to reap success from export-oriented growth strategies.
Existing studies on ELG have ignored institutional quality as a relevant variable. It looks at the three institutional quality indicators, namely political, economic, and legal in ELG framework.
The authors would like to thank two anonymous reviewers for their comments that have significantly improved the paper. Any errors and commissions rest with us. This paper is part of the first author’s Research Paper (EXGA6181) for the Master of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya in 2016.
Sathyamoorthy, V. and Tang, T.C. (2018), "Institutional quality and export-led growth: an empirical study", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 45 No. 1, pp. 193-208. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-07-2016-0139Download as .RIS
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