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The economics of COVID-19: a systematic literature review

Imalka Wasana Rathnayaka (School of Business, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia) (The Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)
Rasheda Khanam (School of Business, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia) (The Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)
Mohammad Mafizur Rahman (School of Business, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia) (The Centre for Health Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 16 September 2022

Issue publication date: 18 January 2023

235

Abstract

Purpose

A systematic, PRISMA-guided literature review was conducted using four databases (ProQuest, PubMed, EconLit and Scopus) to analyze research published between February 2020 and August 2021. This review included 31 studies out of 1,248 that were identified.

Design/methodology/approach

In addition to the serious health issues it causes, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (COVID-19) has a destructive impact on the global economy. The objectives of this study are (1) to examine the growing literature on variations of economic factors due to COVID-19 (2) to review the literature on the governmental response to the pandemic and (3) to discover the perspective and the gaps and outline the future avenues for further research.

Findings

All selected studies (31) have used the macroeconomic, household and health economic factors to analyze the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Among these studies, 22 articles examined the economic consequences and macroeconomic activities, 7 analyzed microeconomic costs and healthcare trade-offs and 2 studies reviewed economic uncertainty and macroeconomic expectations.

Research limitations/implications

This study comprises the most relevant research articles to measure the economic consequences of COVID-19. As a result of the lockdown and other containment initiatives, price levels, employment and consumption patterns have all suffered.

Practical implications

Therefore, the government's requirement to develop policy tools and approaches to ensure a full recovery from the pandemic should lead to greater long-term economic resilience.

Originality/value

This study examines the economic implications of COVID-19, with the aim of not only analysing COVID-19's negative economic effects but also, those measures that provide new directions in the form of short-run economic impacts and policy decisions.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Funding: There were no sources of funding used to prepare this study.

Conflict of interest: The authors have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial or non-financial interest in the subject focus or materials discussed in this study.

Citation

Rathnayaka, I.W., Khanam, R. and Rahman, M.M. (2023), "The economics of COVID-19: a systematic literature review", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 50 No. 1, pp. 49-72. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-05-2022-0257

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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