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The threshold effect of firm size on technological innovation: examination of panel data from China

Xiaoxue Zhou ( School of Economics and Management , Dalian University of Technology , Dalian, China)
Yu Li ( College of Business Administration , Dongbei University of Finance and Economics , Dalian, China)
Yao Zhang ( College of Business Administration , Dongbei University of Finance and Economics , Dalian, China)

Journal of Economic Studies

ISSN: 0144-3585

Article publication date: 30 July 2020

Issue publication date: 9 April 2021

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183

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the threshold effect of firm size on technological innovation using panel data from 2007 to 2012 for listed enterprises in China's manufacturing sector.

Design/methodology/approach

Considering the aim of research question is to examine the nonlinear relationship, this paper utilizes the threshold regression proposed by Hansen's (2000).

Findings

Based on a threshold regression model using panel data from 2007 to 2012 for listed enterprises in China's manufacturing sector, we find a series of new results. This nonlinear relationship is under the restrictions and impacts of various factors, such as industry characteristics and government subsidies. The results suggest that the threshold regression model well explains the complicated nonlinear relationship and transition process, and it can also shed light on management practice and policy.

Originality/value

There are categorical arguments regarding why firm size is not as effective as before in explaining the monotonic principle of industrial innovation, especially for establishing an effective industrial policy in a particular situation. One of the important reasons is that we have begun to adopt a new perspective from the nonlinear view on the relationship between firm size and industrial innovation. In this study, we have examined the threshold effect of firm size on industrial technological innovation, which is the most representative nonlinear relationship.

Keywords

Citation

Zhou, X., Li, Y. and Zhang, Y. (2021), "The threshold effect of firm size on technological innovation: examination of panel data from China", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 48 No. 3, pp. 571-586. https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-03-2019-0102

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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