Spatial analysis of Twitter sentiment and district-level housing prices
Journal of European Real Estate Research
Article publication date: 6 August 2019
Issue publication date: 13 September 2019
Studies have shown a correlation and predictive impact of sentiment on asset prices, including Twitter sentiment on markets and individual stocks. This paper aims to determine whether there exists such a correlation between Twitter sentiment and property prices.
The authors construct district-level sentiment indices for every district of Istanbul using a dictionary-based polarity scoring method applied to a data set of 1.7 million original tweets that mention one or more of those districts. The authors apply a spatial lag model to estimate the relationship between Twitter sentiment regarding a district and housing prices or housing price appreciation in that district.
The findings indicate a significant but negative correlation between Twitter sentiment and property prices and price appreciation. However, the percentage of check-in tweets is found to be positively correlated with prices and price appreciation.
The analysis is cross-sectional, and therefore, unable to answer the question of whether Twitter can Granger-cause changes in housing markets. Future research should focus on creation of a property-focused lexicon and panel analysis over a longer time horizon.
The findings suggest a role for Twitter-derived sentiment in predictive models for local variation in property prices as it can be observed in real time.
This is the first study to analyze the link between sentiment measures derived from Twitter, rather than surveys or news media, on property prices.
This study was produced with funding from the İTÜ BAP project grant 40850.
Hannum, C., Arslanli, K.Y. and Kalay, A.F. (2019), "Spatial analysis of Twitter sentiment and district-level housing prices", Journal of European Real Estate Research, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 173-189. https://doi.org/10.1108/JERER-08-2018-0036
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