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Airport noise compensation: real estate perspective

Jacek Batóg (Institute of Econometrics and Statistics, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland)
Iwona Foryś (Institute of Econometrics and Statistics, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland)
Jan Konowalczuk (Department of Investment and Real Estate, University of Economics in Katowice, Katowice, Poland)

Journal of European Real Estate Research

ISSN: 1753-9269

Article publication date: 13 September 2019

Issue publication date: 13 September 2019




This study aims to present a problem of noise compensation related to the localization of single-family houses in the restricted use areas (RUA) created around airports. The authors presented different methodological approaches to the valuation of such amends and characterized distinct solutions applied in that area in chosen countries and cities.


To estimate the level of those indemnities, linear models including spatial and generalized linear models, were applied. The set of explanatory variables contains quantitative and qualitative attributes of real estates. The influence of outliers indicated by means of cluster analysis on the received results were also considered.


The results show that after accounting for noise level and house characteristics, houses in noisier areas were sold for less than houses subjected to less noise. Unit prices of houses located outside the RUA were on average 17.05 per cent higher than the prices observed in zone with noise level for the daytime of 60 dB and 8.95 per cent in zone characterized by noise level for the daytime of 55 dB.

Practical implications

Received results can be compared with results obtained by other authors, but its most important application is possibility of use the proposed methodology by judicial appraisers to assess the proper level of noise compensation for home owners or tenants.


An identification of real estate market heterogeneity and its considering in estimation of compensation related to airport noise evidence some novelty of the research.



The research was financed as a part of the project “methodology for estimating the value of damage related to real estate in restricted use areas (RUA) around airports in Poland” based on the agreement ROP-RV339/2016 between the University of Economics in Katowice and consortium of the biggest Polish airports: PLL Poznań, PLL Kraków and PLL Warszawa.


Batóg, J., Foryś, I. and Konowalczuk, J. (2019), "Airport noise compensation: real estate perspective", Journal of European Real Estate Research, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 250-266.



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