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Entrepreneurship and SME development in post-conflict societies : The case of Bosnia & Herzegovina

Vernesa Djip (Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy

ISSN: 2045-2101

Article publication date: 14 October 2014




The purpose of this paper is to examine the conditions of entrepreneurship in transition and post-conflict societies, using Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) as a case study. There are many features of this country which make it an interesting case such. It was once a part of Yugoslavia and had a socialist regime. Post-socialism, B&H turned to creating and maintaining a market-based economy, making it a transition country. Lastly, the transition process has been disturbed and delayed due to the war that began in 1992.


The author chose a single case study research design to present a unique case and to give in-depth analysis. The author has used the method of data triangulation to increase reliability and credibility of the case study research.


The case study's findings reveal that three types of conditions influence entrepreneurship in B&H: socio-political, economic and legal. The paper has several implications; more specifically, inter alia, it has helped understand complexity of transitional environments and the implications of the same on entrepreneurship development.


The paper adds to the existing literature on factors affecting entrepreneurial activity within a post-conflict context by simplifying categorization into three broad categories. By doing so, the paper emphasizes particular areas obstructing the development of the enterprise sector in B&H.



Djip, V. (2014), "Entrepreneurship and SME development in post-conflict societies : The case of Bosnia & Herzegovina", Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 254-274.



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