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Understanding determinants of cloud computing adoption using an integrated TAM-TOE model

Hemlata Gangwar (Information Technology, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)
Hema Date (Information Technology, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)
R Ramaswamy (Information Technology, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, Mumbai, India)

Journal of Enterprise Information Management

ISSN: 1741-0398

Article publication date: 9 February 2015

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to integrate TAM model and TOE framework for cloud computing adoption at organizational level.

Design/methodology/approach

A conceptual framework was developed using technological and organizational variables of TOE framework as external variables of TAM model while environmental variables were proposed to have direct impact on cloud computing adoption. A questionnaire was used to collect the data from 280 companies in IT, manufacturing and finance sectors in India. The data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Further, structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed model.

Findings

The study identified relative advantage, compatibility, complexity, organizational readiness, top management commitment, and training and education as important variables for affecting cloud computing adoption using perceived ease of use (PEOU) and perceived usefulness (PU) as mediating variables. Also, competitive pressure and trading partner support were found directly affecting cloud computing adoption intentions. The model explained 62 percent of cloud computing adoption.

Practical implications

The model can be used as a guideline to ensure a positive outcome of the cloud computing adoption in organizations. It also provides relevant recommendations to achieve conducive implementation environment for cloud computing adoption.

Originality/value

This study integrates two of the information technology adoption models to improve predictive power of resulting model.

Keywords

Citation

Gangwar, H., Date, H. and Ramaswamy, R. (2015), "Understanding determinants of cloud computing adoption using an integrated TAM-TOE model", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 28 No. 1, pp. 107-130. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-08-2013-0065

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2015, Emerald Group Publishing Limited