Instrumental ties or expressive ties? Impact mechanism of supervisor–subordinate ties based on enterprise social media on employee performance
Journal of Enterprise Information Management
Article publication date: 29 September 2021
Issue publication date: 14 March 2022
The purpose of this study is to answer whether and how supervisor–subordinate instrumental or expressive ties based on enterprise social media (ESM) might enhance employee performance.
Drawing on social exchange theory, this study developed a theoretical model to explore the influencing mechanism of different supervisor–subordinate ties based on ESM on employee job performance. The model was empirically tested through 219 ESM users.
The results revealed that supervisor–subordinate instrumental ties based on ESM play a positive role in employee job performance, while supervisor–subordinate expressive ties based on ESM are not significantly related to employee job performance. Supervisor–subordinate instrumental ties and expressive ties based on ESM can positively influence employee job performance through the mediating effect of organizational trust. Besides, perceived performance climate can weaken the relation of organizational trust to job performance, and then weaken the indirect relations via the mediating of organizational trust.
Our findings advance the understanding of ESM use through various underlying mechanisms and have the potential of guiding organizations to fine-tune their social media usage strategies.
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 71901106, the Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science under Grant 18YJC630169.
Wang, C., Yuan, T. and Feng, J. (2022), "Instrumental ties or expressive ties? Impact mechanism of supervisor–subordinate ties based on enterprise social media on employee performance", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 35 No. 3, pp. 866-884. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-06-2021-0238
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