The purpose of this paper is to apply GM (1, 1) and TFGM (1, 1) models on the healthcare sector, which is a new area, and to show TFGM (1, 1) forecasting accuracy on this sector.
GM (1, 1) and TFGM (1, 1) models are presented. A hospital’s nine months (monthly) demand data is used for forecasting. Models are applied to the data, and the results are evaluated with MAPE, MSE and MAD metrics. The results for GM (1, 1) and TFGM (1, 1) are compared to show the accuracy of forecasting models. The grey models are also compared with Holt–Winters method, which is a traditional forecasting approach and performs well.
The results of this study indicate that TFGM (1, 1) has better forecasting performance than GM (1, 1) and Holt–Winters. GM (1, 1) has 8.01 per cent and TFGM (1, 1) 7.64 per cent MAPE, which means excellent forecasting power. So, TFGM (1, 1) is also an applicable forecasting method for the healthcare sector.
Future studies may focus on developed grey models for health sector demand. To perform better results, parameter optimisation may be integrated to GM (1, 1) and TFGM (1, 1). The demand may be predicted not only for the total demand on hospital, but also for the demand of hospital departments.
This study contributes to relevant literature by proposing fuzzy grey forecasting, which is used to predict the health demand. Therefore, the new application area as the health sector is handled with the grey model.
Zor, C. and Çebi, F. (2018), "Demand prediction in health sector using fuzzy grey forecasting", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 31 No. 6, pp. 937-949. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-05-2017-0067Download as .RIS
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