Antecedents of social media usage and performance benefits in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)

Raphael Odoom (Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana)
Thomas Anning-Dorson (Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana)
George Acheampong (Marketing and Entrepreneurship, University of Ghana Business School, Accra, Ghana)

Journal of Enterprise Information Management

ISSN: 1741-0398

Publication date: 10 April 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Despite the blossoming nature of social media marketing, the nuances and implications among small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) appear to be under-researched in literature. The purpose of this paper is to progress knowledge and offer extended understanding of the motivations and performance benefits of social media accrued by SMEs with an empirical study from an emerging economy.

Design/methodology/approach

Based on past research, the study hypothesizes that interactivity, compatibility and cost effectiveness are motivations germane to social media usage, which consequently offer performance benefits. Data from 210 SMEs (having Facebook and/or Twitter accounts) are employed to investigate the proposed conceptual model using structural equation modeling with sub-group analysis.

Findings

Finding from this study demonstrate that the interdependencies of social media motivations, as well as effects of social media usage are positive but erratic across product-based and service-based SMEs. Moreover, SMEs who offer physical products are more likely to employ social media based on cost-effective motives while service SMEs are more likely to consider interactivity as a key motivation. Additionally, findings from the study data suggest that in a tale of two sites, Facebook proved to edge Twitter in terms of engendering performance benefits among SME users.

Originality/value

The findings provide evidence to issues of potential research and managerial interest, offering insightful implications to the academic and practitioner communities. Evidently, irrespective of some usage bottlenecks, SMEs in emerging markets appears to be reaping enhanced social media benefits by deploying their marketing campaigns via multiple platforms.

Keywords

Citation

Odoom, R., Anning-Dorson, T. and Acheampong, G. (2017), "Antecedents of social media usage and performance benefits in small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)", Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Vol. 30 No. 3, pp. 383-399. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEIM-04-2016-0088

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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