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Entrepreneurial intentions of university students in an emerging economy: The influence of university support and proactive personality on students’ entrepreneurial intention

Michael James Mustafa (The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia)
Ernesto Hernandez (The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia)
Christopher Mahon (University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK)
Lai Kei Chee (The University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia)

Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2053-4604

Article publication date: 6 June 2016

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Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to develop an empirical model that examines whether a student’s proactive personality or the university support environment (education support, concept development support and business development support) affects their entrepreneurial intentions. Additionally, the relative strengths of a student’s proactive personality and the university environment influences are compared.

Design/methodology/approach

A total of 141 students attending a well-established and internationally renowned Malaysian higher education institution completed a questionnaire survey. Results were based on correlation and regression analysis.

Findings

Results indicate that a proactive personality and concept development support have significant impact on students’ entrepreneurial intentions. Additionally, the results showed that a student’s proactive personality had a greater effect on their entrepreneurial intentions than that of the university support environment.

Originality/value

The paper demonstrates one of the few attempts to examine the effects of both a proactive personality and university support environment on entrepreneurial intentions in an emerging economy context. Specifically, we reconfirm students’ personality traits as a more important predictor of their entrepreneurial intentions than environmental factors in the Malaysian context. Additionally, by also demonstrating concept development support as a significant predictor of entrepreneurial intentions, we provide new insights into how universities in emerging economies can foster the entrepreneurial intentions of their students. This result adds to the academic literature on entrepreneurial intentions in emerging economies.

Keywords

Citation

Mustafa, M.J., Hernandez, E., Mahon, C. and Chee, L.K. (2016), "Entrepreneurial intentions of university students in an emerging economy: The influence of university support and proactive personality on students’ entrepreneurial intention", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 162-179. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-10-2015-0058

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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