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Quo vadis, ethnic entrepreneurship? A bibliometric analysis of ethnic entrepreneurship in growing markets

Nurul Indarti (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Naya Hapsari (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)
Andy Susilo Lukito-Budi (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia and Faculty of Economics and Business, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia)
Risa Virgosita (Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia)

Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies

ISSN: 2053-4604

Article publication date: 22 July 2020

Issue publication date: 17 July 2021

921

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to investigate the trends in existing studies in the field of ethnic entrepreneurship in the context of growing markets in terms of definitions, theories, themes, methodologies and settings.

Design/methodology/approach

This study used bibliometric analysis and used Publish or Perish software with Google Scholar as the database. A total of 183 articles published in 122 journals from 1988 to 2018 were selected. This study used systematic data to reveal trends in growing markets and qualitative inductive analysis to define relevant themes within the topic.

Findings

The results show that ethnic entrepreneurship is defined as involving immigrants from developing countries. From a theoretical point of view, socio-cultural theories, socio-economic theories and combinations of both have been used to explain the phenomenon. Six research themes have been developed indicating potential explorative and exploitative research themes. This study identified the dominance of the qualitative approach in ethnic entrepreneurship research and found that the typical research subjects are Asian immigrants, especially Chinese, in developed countries. The articles reviewed were mainly conducted in developed countries (68.85%) and a lesser portion in developing countries (13.66%), particularly Asian countries.

Practical implications

This study provides future directions for research on ethnic entrepreneurship, such as gender studies of ethnic entrepreneurs and factors affecting the opening of new businesses in new locations.

Originality/value

This study reveals trends in the ethnic entrepreneurship field based on the country in which the study was conducted, the definition of ethnic entrepreneurship, the theories, the research themes, the methodologies, the research setting and the ethnicity studied. It also used the framework of input–process–output to establish a generic road map of the ethnic entrepreneurship research area.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, through the Department Research Grant 2018. The authors would also acknowledge the School of Business, University of Agder, Norway and the Royal Embassy of Norway in Jakarta, Indonesia, for the support in the development of this paper through the In Search of Balance project within PACER Program.

Citation

Indarti, N., Hapsari, N., Lukito-Budi, A.S. and Virgosita, R. (2021), "Quo vadis, ethnic entrepreneurship? A bibliometric analysis of ethnic entrepreneurship in growing markets", Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 427-458. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-04-2020-0080

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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