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Optimizing stabilization of laterite as walling unit

Sarfo Mensah (Department of Building Technology, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana)
Collins Ameyaw (Department of Building Technology, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana)
Blondel Akun Abaitey (Department of Building Technology, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana)
Hayford Obeng Yeboah (Department of Building Technology, Kumasi Technical University, Kumasi, Ghana)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 22 July 2021

Issue publication date: 6 December 2022

86

Abstract

Purpose

Over dependence on river/sea sand as building material has impacted the environment negatively. However, laterite, which is an environment-friendly indigenous building material in sub-Saharan Africa, has been less exploited as a suitable alternative. This paper aims to ascertain the optimum cement–laterite mix proportion at which laterite can be stabilized for production of walling units.

Design/methodology/approach

Using an experimental method, laterite was collected from three borrow pit sites. Sieve analysis was performed to determine the particle size distribution. Also, the degree of workability of the cement–laterite mix was ascertained using slump test. Compressive strengths were determined at cement stabilization percentages of 3%, 7% and 10% on 12 cubes of100 mm cast and cured for 14 and 28 days, respectively.

Findings

The results showed that the lateritic soil investigated, achieves its optimum strength in 28 days of curing, at a stabilization level of 10%. An average compressive strength of 2.41 N/mm2, which is 20.5% greater than the target strength, was achieved.

Practical implications

To meet the desired compressive strength of alternative walling units while achieving environmental sustainability and efficiency in production, cement stabilization of lateritic soils should become a recommended practice by built environment professionals in sub-Saharan Africa.

Originality/value

This paper is one of the first research works that attempts to determine the optimum level at which the abundant sub-Saharan laterite can be chemically stabilized for the production of non-load bearing walling units. This research promotes an environment-friendly alternative building material to sea sand, river sand and off-shore sand.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Conflict of Interest Declaration: No author has reported any conflict of interest.

Citation

Mensah, S., Ameyaw, C., Abaitey, B.A. and Yeboah, H.O. (2022), "Optimizing stabilization of laterite as walling unit", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 20 No. 6, pp. 1482-1498. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-12-2020-0501

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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