This paper aims to monitor, evaluate and adjust the joint quality of dissimilar friction stir welded AA2024-T3 and AA7075-T6 Al alloys.
Taguchi analysis for design of experiments and ANOVA analysis were applied. Tensile test, visual inspection and macro and microstructure investigations were carried out at each welding condition. In addition, the grain size of stir zone and the value of heat input were measured.
Using Taguchi analysis, the optimum values of tool rotary speed, welding speed and axial load were 1,200 rpm, 100 mm/min and 1,300 kg, respectively, yielding the maximum tensile strength of the joints of 427 MPa. ANOVA analysis indicated that the most significant parameter on the joint strength is the tool rotary speed, followed by welding speed and axial load, with contributions of 67, 27 and 2 per cent, respectively. Best mixing between Al alloys in the stir zone with no defects was observed at moderate speeds because of proper heat input and grain size, resulting in high strength.
A relation between structure characteristics of the joint, the process parameters and the joint strength was established to control the joint quality.
Authors are grateful to the Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Petroleum and Mining Engineering, Suez University, Suez, Egypt, for the facilities of FSW laboratory. The authors also would like to thank Central Metallurgical Research Institute (CMRDI), Helwan - Cairo, Egypt, for the facilities of Mechanical Testing Laboratories.
Reda, R., Saad, M., Ahmed, M. and Abd-Elkader, H. (2018), "Monitoring joint quality: Taguchi approach and structure investigation", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 16 No. 2, pp. 211-232. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-10-2017-0108Download as .RIS
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