Novel nanomaterials and nano-devices require further functional aspects that can be designed and supported using new nanomanipulation techniques allowing specific functions at the design phase. The nano-manipulator becomes a key instrument for technology bridging sub-nano to mesoscale. The integration of various operations in nano-devices requires sub-nanometer precision and highly stable manipulator. This paper aims to review various design concepts of recent nanomanipulators, their motion characteristics, basic functions, imagine and automation with control techniques for the sake of establishing new design features based on recent requirements.
The paper reviews various existing nanomanipulators, their motion characteristics, basic functions, imagine and automation with control techniques. This will support precision machine design methodology and robotics principles.
The availability of a nano-precision instrument with integrated functions has proved to be extremely helpful in addressing various fundamental problems in science and engineering such as exploring, understanding, modeling and testing nano-machining process; exact construction of nano-structure arrays; and inspection of devices with complex features.
New functional specifications have emerged from this review to support the design and make of new advanced nanomanipulators with more features availability to support manipulation within the same reference datum needed for research and education.
The authors would like to acknowledge the support provided by King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) through King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM) for funding this project No.12-NAN 3021-04 as part of the National Science, Technology and Innovation Plan.
Mekid, S. and Bashmal, S. (2019), "Engineering manipulation at nanoscale: further functional specifications", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 572-590. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-09-2018-0165
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