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Review of remote monitoring systems for the delivery of sustainable and resilient water infrastructure

Andrew Swan (School of Built Environment, Engineering and Computing, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK)
Anne Schiffer (Leeds School of Arts, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK)
Peter Skipworth (Cura Terrae Ltd, Sheffield, UK)
James Huntingdon (Kando Environmental Services Ltd, London, UK)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 2 April 2024




This paper aims to present a literature review of remote monitoring systems for water infrastructure in the Global South.


Following initial scoping searches, further examination was made of key remote monitoring technologies for water infrastructure in the Global South. A standard literature search methodology was adopted to examine these monitoring technologies and their respective deployments. This hierarchical approach prioritised “peer-reviewed” articles, followed by “scholarly” publications, then “credible” information sources and, finally, “other” relevant materials. The first two search phases were conducted using academic search services (e.g. Scopus and Google Scholar). In the third and fourth phases, Web searches were carried out on various stakeholders, including manufacturers, governmental agencies and non-governmental organisations/charities associated with Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in the Global South.


This exercise expands the number of monitoring technologies considered in comparison to earlier review publications. Similarly, preceding reviews have largely focused upon monitoring applications in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This paper explores opportunities in other geographical regions and highlights India as a significant potential market for these tools.

Research limitations/implications

This review predominantly focuses upon information/data currently available in the public domain.

Practical implications

Remote monitoring technologies enable the rapid detection of broken water pumps. Broken water infrastructure significantly impacts many vulnerable communities, often leading to the use of less protected water sources and increased exposure to water-related diseases. Further to these public health impacts, there are additional economic disadvantages for these user communities.


This literature review has sought to address some key technological omissions and to widen the geographical scope associated with previous investigations.



Swan, A., Schiffer, A., Skipworth, P. and Huntingdon, J. (2024), "Review of remote monitoring systems for the delivery of sustainable and resilient water infrastructure", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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