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Risk management in residential projects in the United States: Implementation status, evaluation techniques and barriers

Simon Adamtey (Department of Construction Management, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio, USA)
James Ogechi Kereri (School of Technology, University of Central Missouri, Warrensburg, Missouri, USA)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 18 October 2021




Residential projects frequently suffer from low-risk management (RM) implementation and, consequently, are more likely to fail to meet performance objectives. With RM becoming an essential requirement, the purpose of this study is to investigate RM implementation in terms of status, risk analysis techniques, barriers and impact of RM on residential projects across the USA.


Data were collected from 105 general contractors who had completed 3,265 residential projects in the past five years. Data collection was through a US national survey sent out through emails between August and November 2019 to residential general contractor firms. The firms were randomly selected from national organizations, such as the National Association of Home Builders, Associated General Contractors of America and Associated Builders and Contractors.


The analysis indicated that RM implementation is still extremely low at 22.27%. However, there was an increase in RM implementation as the cost and duration of projects increased. Direct judgment is the most used technique. Also, the one-sample t-test indicated that the barriers have a significant impact on RM implementation. Multinomial logistic regression results indicated that the impact of lack of management support, lack of money or budget, the complexity of analytical tools and lack of time to perform analysis predict the impact on the overall performance of construction projects. Overall, the results provide empirical evidence, which can influence management’s decision-making regarding RM and improve implementation in residential projects.


There is a lack of empirical evidence on the impact of barriers to RM implementation on the performance of construction projects. This research contributes to the body of knowledge by bridging this gap through a robust analysis of data collected from real residential projects.



The authors acknowledge the contractors who participated in this study. No funding was received for this study.


Adamtey, S. and Kereri, J.O. (2021), "Risk management in residential projects in the United States: Implementation status, evaluation techniques and barriers", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.



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