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Using the TOE theoretical framework to study the adoption of BIM-AR in a developing country: the case of Ghana

Michael Nii Addy (Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Titus Ebenezer Ebenezer Kwofie (Department of Architecture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana and Construction Industry Development Board (CIDB) Centre of Excellence, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa)
Divine Mawutor Agbonani (Department of Construction Technology and Management, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana)
Adikie E. Essegbey (School of Business, George Brown College, Toronto, Canada)

Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology

ISSN: 1726-0531

Article publication date: 17 February 2023

414

Abstract

Purpose

Building information modelling (BIM) and augmented reality (AR) are unique technologies in the digitalized construction industry. In spite of the numerous benefits of BIM-AR, its adoption has been at a relatively slow pace. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the factors within technology–organization–environment (TOE) framework influence the adoption of BIM-AR in the context of construction companies in a developing country.

Design/methodology/approach

By using a mainly deductive quantitative design, survey data were collected from senior management of built environment companies in Ghana using questionnaires. The study adopted a mixture of both purposive and snowball sampling approaches. Partial least squares structural equation modelling was used to analyse how the factors within the TOE framework explain BIM-AR adoption in Ghana.

Findings

Findings from the study show that the top three factors within the TOE framework that facilitate the adoption of BIM-AR include ICT infrastructure within construction firms; the size of the construction firm, which may influence the financial capacity to accommodate BIM-AR; and competitive pressure. The inhibitors of BIM-AR at the company level included external support and trading partners’ readiness.

Research limitations/implications

Implicit is that the significant factors will be useful to policymakers and companies in developing programs that appeal to non-adopters to aid in mitigating their challenges and further enhance BIM-AR adoption.

Originality/value

The value of this paper has been the use of the theoretical framework TOE to explain the adoption factors of BIM-AR in the Ghanaian construction industry. The originality of the paper is further anchored in consideration of BIM-AR, which is quite nascent in emerging countries.

Keywords

Citation

Addy, M.N., Kwofie, T.E.E., Agbonani, D.M. and Essegbey, A.E. (2023), "Using the TOE theoretical framework to study the adoption of BIM-AR in a developing country: the case of Ghana", Journal of Engineering, Design and Technology, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEDT-02-2022-0096

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited

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