This paper aims to examine indigenous governance and economies of iwi Maori (Maori tribes) in Aotearoa New Zealand. Research into persisting inequities amongst iwi that have settled treaty claims and the potential for intervention through new governance models and indigenous entrepreneurship contextualise the paper.
Kaupapa Maori (Maori philosophy) is used as an indigenous methodology to facilitate and empower transformative change, underpinned by Maori knowledge, language and culture. A multi-level approach is used to collect data from international, national and local tribal organisations. Validity is established through stakeholder engagement.
A central challenge in the post-treaty settlement context is exponentialising tribal capabilities because of the multiple purposes ascribed to post-settled iwi. Four themes, characterised as “unfolding tensions”, offer a critique and basis for solving tribal development challenges: how do tribes create culturally grounded global citizens; how do tribes rebalance wealth creation and wealth distribution; how do tribes recalibrate tribal institutions; and how do tribes embed entrepreneurship and innovation within their economies?
As data collection is still underway, the paper is conceptual.
Five strategies to address unfolding tensions are identified for tribes to consider.
Tribal governors and tribal members are implicated in the analysis, as well as the architects of post-treaty settlement governance models.
The paper contributes to theorising about tribal governance, economies and entrepreneurship.
The authors acknowledge Ngā Pae o Te Māramatanga, New Zealand’s Māori Center of Research Excellence hosted at the University of Auckland for funding the research project entitled “Persisting inequalities and the potential for intervention through new governance models” (reference: 16RF06/3708612). This paper is based on research for this project.
Mika, J.P., Smith, G.H., Gillies, A. and Wiremu, F. (2019), "Unfolding tensions within post-settlement governance and tribal economies in Aotearoa New Zealand", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 296-318. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEC-12-2018-0104Download as .RIS
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