To read this content please select one of the options below:

The enterprising communities and startup ecosystem in Iran

Aidin Salamzadeh (Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran)
Hiroko Kawamorita Kesim (Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun, Turkey)

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy

ISSN: 1750-6204

Article publication date: 14 August 2017




Startups play a significant role in improving societies. This paper concentrates on the concept of “startups” and attempts to present a more comprehensive view of this phenomenon. Also, the focus of this paper is on investigating enterprising communities and the startup ecosystem in Iran.


The existing literature is carefully reviewed, definition and views are explored and the story of this phenomenon is told from the formation to the exit stage. The author elaborates the existing stages and challenges of startups in Iran. To do so, 65 tech startup founders are interviewed. Semi-structured interviews (SI) were based on previous studies mentioning the lifecycle of the startups, and were fully recorded. Moreover, secondary sources of data (SS) were used to support the findings.


The paper classifies the extant theories of startups in two levels, i.e. macro level, and micro and meso levels. Also, it defines some steps for the formation of startups and studies the Iranian startup ecosystem. Last but not the least the paper contributes to the startup ecosystem of Iran which is changing disruptively, especially in the last couple of years.

Research limitations/implications

Findings of this research shed light on the existing ecosystem of startups in Iran, which is rarely studied in previous research. Lack of enough evidence in the existing literature of startup ecosystem in Iran was the most significant limitation of the research which increased the need for more investigation and elaboration.


The paper contributes to understanding the startup ecosystem in Iran, and the challenges.



Salamzadeh, A. and Kawamorita Kesim, H. (2017), "The enterprising communities and startup ecosystem in Iran", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 11 No. 4, pp. 456-479.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles