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Entrepreneurship in Islamic communities: How do Islamic values and Islamic practices influence entrepreneurship intentions?

Farooq Rehan (Universität Trier, Trier, Germany)
Joern Block (Universität Trier, Trier, Germany)
Christian Fisch (Universität Trier, Trier, Germany)

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy

ISSN: 1750-6204

Article publication date: 23 August 2019

Issue publication date: 19 November 2019

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Abstract

Purpose

Prior research has investigated the development of Islamic communities. The authors contribute to this line of research by analyzing the effects of Islamic values and Islamic religious practices on entrepreneurship intentions in Islamic communities. Using theory of planned behavior as a theoretical lens, they also take into account that the relationship between religion and entrepreneurial intentions can be mediated by individual’s attitude toward entrepreneurship.

Design/methodology/approach

The authors analyze primary data obtained from a sample of 1,895 Pakistani university students. They also use structural equation modeling to perform a nuanced assessment of the relationship between Islamic values and practices and entrepreneurship intentions and to account for mediating effects.

Findings

The results show that both Islamic values and Islamic practices positively influence entrepreneurship intentions. Both effects are mediated by the attitude toward entrepreneurship.

Originality/value

The authors contribute to prior research on entrepreneurship in Islamic communities by applying a more fine-grained approach to capture the link between religion and entrepreneurship. Further, they contribute to the literature on entrepreneurship intentions by showing that the influence of religion on entrepreneurship intentions is mainly due to religious values and practices, which shape the attitude toward entrepreneurship and thereby influence entrepreneurship intentions in religious communities.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

We thank the participants at the G-Forum 2018 and a research workshop at the TU Kaiserslautern for their helpful comments on the earlier versions of this manuscript.

Citation

Rehan, F., Block, J. and Fisch, C. (2019), "Entrepreneurship in Islamic communities: How do Islamic values and Islamic practices influence entrepreneurship intentions?", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 13 No. 5, pp. 557-583. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEC-05-2019-0041

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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