Entrepreneurial university: towards a better understanding of past trends and future directions

Carla Mascarenhas (CETRAD Unit Research, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal)
Carla Susana Marques (Department of Economy, Sociology and Management, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal)
Anderson Rei Galvão (CETRAD Unit Research, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal)
Gina Santos (CETRAD Unit Research, Universidade de Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal)

Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to explore and analyse the literature, related to the Entrepreneurial University, published in the ISI Web of Science, from 1900 to present. The objectives of this paper are, first, to describe how this field of research is organised in terms of publications, authors and sources (i.e. documents), and, second, to identify the main references cited and ways in which they are grouped (i.e. clusters). In addition, this paper discusses how this literature presents challenges. Namely, from this bibliometric study, what has already been studied and the limits of these studies, as well as the research opportunities for this area, can be understood.

Design/methodology/approach

The documents obtained from a search of the ISI Web of Science were subjected to a bibliometric analysis using VOSviewer software.

Findings

A systematic literature review showed that universities are increasingly dedicated to the commercialisation of knowledge. The results include three clusters: Cluster one – “Entrepreneurial Universities” focuses on changes in the university paradigm; Cluster two – “Academic Entrepreneurship” refers to the commercialisation of knowledge; and Cluster three – “Creation of Technology-Based Companies” focuses on spin-off creation.

Originality/value

By studying the citation profile of documents on the entrepreneurial university, this study has contributed to a better understanding of the flow of production and scientific practices since the beginning of the 21st century. This study also examined research tendencies to identify the emergent areas of this field.

Keywords

Citation

Mascarenhas, C., Marques, C., Galvão, A. and Santos, G. (2017), "Entrepreneurial university: towards a better understanding of past trends and future directions", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 11 No. 03, pp. 316-338. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEC-02-2017-0019

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Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

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