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Technical efficiency and input-driven growth in Indian engineering goods industry during post-reform period: stochastic frontier approach

Vasim Akram (Department of Economics, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, India)
Asheref Illiyan (Department of Economics, Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, India)

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences

ISSN: 1026-4116

Article publication date: 9 June 2021

69

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to examine the performance of Indian engineering goods industry by measuring the technical efficiency and input-driven growth.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used the panel data of six firms from the period of 1991–92 to 2014–15 compiled from Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), India and output-oriented econometric techniques such as pooled OLS model, and stochastic frontier approach has been applied to measure the technical efficiency.

Findings

The results suggest that the prime sources of high performance in engineering goods industry, which has recorded 8.8% output growth, are primarily contributed by inputs driven growth (8.2%) during the post-reform period, while the effect of technological change is minimal (0.1%) and technical efficiency change is negative (−0.2%). It was due to sluggishness, outdated technology and underutilization of resources in Indian economy.

Research limitations/implications

This research paper is limited to engineering goods industry based on concorded macro data. The recommendations are that India should pursue policies and programs which may focus on technology acquisition, skill enhancement of labor, better capacity utilization, R&D and infrastructure development that may augment the technical change and technical efficiency change of the sector.

Originality/value

This research provides robust and significant estimates of technical efficiency and adds valuable insights to the existing literature by identifying the potential areas that improves the performance of Indian engineering goods industry.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their vigilant reading, insightful comments, and valuable suggestions for enriching the manuscript.

Citation

Akram, V. and Illiyan, A. (2021), "Technical efficiency and input-driven growth in Indian engineering goods industry during post-reform period: stochastic frontier approach", Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEAS-08-2020-0145

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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