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Does economic growth affect the relationship between banks' capital, liquidity and profitability: empirical evidence from emerging economies

Faisal Abbas (UCP Business School, University of Central Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan)
Shoaib Ali (Air University School of Management, Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Maqsood Ahmad (Business Administration, International Islamic University, Islamabad, Pakistan)

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences

ISSN: 1026-4116

Article publication date: 2 July 2021

432

Abstract

Purpose

This research explores the role of economic growth to influence the inter-relationship between capital, liquidity and profitability of commercial banks in selected asian emerging economies.

Design/methodology/approach

To achieve the research purpose, an empirical model was constructed to examine the role of economic growth in the inter-relationship between banks' capital, liquidity and profitability. The empirical model was tested through two stage lease square (2SLS) regression analysis using annual data of Asian commercial banks ranges from 2011 to 2019.

Findings

The findings indicate that bank capital and liquidity are interdependent and determined simultaneously. The outcome demonstrates that the strength of the inter-relationship between banks' capital, liquidity, and profitability improves when economic growth is taken into account in the analysis. The results report that market funding, loan ratio, credit risk, bank size and bank efficiency are significant indicators to influence commercial banks' liquidity, profitability and capital in Asian emerging economies. The findings are heterogeneous across large, medium and small-sized banks in emerging economies of Asia.

Practical implications

The results highlight that the model provides robust results with respect to sign and significance. However, the coefficient remains underestimated without incorporating economic growth, which has important implications for decision-makers and bankers.

Originality/value

To the best of authors’ knowledge, this is the first study that examines the role of economic growth to influence the inter-relationship between capital, liquidity and bank profitability in the emerging economies of Asia.

Keywords

Citation

Abbas, F., Ali, S. and Ahmad, M. (2021), "Does economic growth affect the relationship between banks' capital, liquidity and profitability: empirical evidence from emerging economies", Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEAS-03-2021-0056

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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