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The mediating role of job satisfaction in the relationship between leadership styles and employee commitment

T. S. Nanjundeswaraswamy (Mechanical Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore, India)

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences

ISSN: 1026-4116

Article publication date: 22 June 2021

1063

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study is to identify the association between leadership styles (LS) and employee commitment(EC) among employees working in the mechanical manufacturing small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), mediated by job satisfaction.

Design/methodology/approach

The research is cross-sectional and the survey method was used, and Pearson correlation analyses, regression analysis and structural equation modelling (SEM) were used to examine the hypothesis. A sample of 911 responses was collected from 102 mechanical manufacturing SMEs in and around Bangalore, India.

Findings

EC depends on the age, the experience of employees, LS of the superior and job satisfaction of employees who are working in the mechanical manufacturing SMEs. The research found out that job satisfaction partially mediates the relationship between LS and EC.

Research limitations/implications

The study is cross-sectional in nature; it measures and quantifies the different variables at a single point period; therefore, the research does not offer outcomes over a long period.

Practical implications

To enhance the commitment of employees working in the mechanical manufacturing SMEs, managers/superiors should make an effort to exhibit a holistic view of LS that enhances job satisfaction and improves the pleasant relationship in the work environment.

Social implications

In the competitive business environment retaining skilled and talented employees is the major challenge for the organization. Many research studies explored that committed employees will retain in the organization for a long tenure. Thus, our study contributes to the body of the literature on predictors of EC. It is noted that the involvement of employees by the leaders during the decision-making process, creates an effective working ambience for the employees and establishes a pleasant relationship among employees. The leader will motivate the employees to work efficiently and effectively, in addition to that they motivate employees to continue working with the same organization. Hence there is a need for the mechanical manufacturing firms to design and implement strategies of motivating employees to remain in the organization. Our study was cross-sectional in nature; it measures and quantifies the different variables at a single point period; therefore, research does not offer outcomes over a long period. Hence a longitudinal study over some time gives more accurate outcomes, and it is more appropriate. This study focused on employees working in the mechanical manufacturing firms, in and around Bangalore, India; therefore, findings cannot be generalized to all employees of the mechanical manufacturing firms.

Originality/value

This research contributes to the existing literature by exploring further evidence and support for the relationship between LS and EC in mechanical manufacturing SMEs. And research also reveals that job satisfaction partially mediates the relationship between the LS and EC in mechanical manufacturing SMEs.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The author would like to express his sincere thanks to JSS Mahavidyapeetha, Mysuru, Karnataka, India, for their encouragement to write this research paper. He is also thankful to the respondents of mechanical manufacturing SMEs who participated in the study. The author expresses his sincere thanks to all the authors of source materials cited at the reference. He also expresses his sincere thanks to editorial team members, Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Emerald Publishing Limited, for their encouragement and valuable guidance. He is grateful to reviewers for providing useful comments, observations and suggestions on an earlier version of this manuscript, which led to the improvement of this article.

Citation

Nanjundeswaraswamy, T.S. (2021), "The mediating role of job satisfaction in the relationship between leadership styles and employee commitment", Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEAS-02-2021-0029

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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