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Financial performance under influence of credit risk in non-financial firms: evidence from Pakistan

Muhammad Mushafiq (Management Studies, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Muzammal Ilyas Sindhu (Management Studies, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan)
Muhammad Khalid Sohail (Management Studies, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan)

Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences

ISSN: 1026-4116

Article publication date: 20 May 2021

274

Abstract

Purpose

The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between credit risk and financial performance in non-financial firms.

Design/methodology/approach

In order to test the relationship between Altman Z-score model as a credit risk proxy and the Return on Asset and Equity as indicator for financial performance with control variables leverage, liquidity and firm size. Least Square Dummy Variable regression analysis is opted. This research's sample included 69 non-financial companies from the Pakistan Stock Exchange KSE-100 Index between 2012 and 2017.

Findings

This study establishes the findings that Altman Z-score, leverage and firm size significantly impact the financial performance of the KSE-100 non-financial firms. However, liquidity is found to be insignificant in this study. Altman Z-score and firm size have shown a positive relationship to the financial performance, whereas leverage is inversely related.

Practical implications

This study brings in a new and useful insight into the literature on the relationship between credit risk and financial performance. The results of this study provide investors, businesses and managers related to non-financial firms in the KSE-100 index with significant insight about credit risk's impact on performance.

Originality/value

The evidence of the credit risk and financial performance on samples of non-financial firms has not been studied; mainly it has been limited to the banking sector. This study helps in the evaluation of Altman Z-score's performance in the non-financial firms in KSE-100 index as well.

Keywords

Citation

Mushafiq, M., Sindhu, M.I. and Sohail, M.K. (2021), "Financial performance under influence of credit risk in non-financial firms: evidence from Pakistan", Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEAS-02-2021-0018

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Muhammad Mushafiq, Muzammal Ilyas Sindhu, Muhammad Khalid Sohail

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