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The best practices for school transformation: a multiple-case study

Zarina Waheed (Department of Educational Management, Planning, and Policy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Sufean Hussin (Department of Educational Management, Planning, and Policy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)
Megat Ahmad Kamaluddin Bin Megat Daud (Department of Educational Management, Planning, and Policy, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

Journal of Educational Administration

ISSN: 0957-8234

Article publication date: 22 November 2017

Issue publication date: 7 February 2018

1037

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the best practices of school leaders, teachers, pupils, parents and the community in selected transformed schools in Selangor, Malaysia.

Design/methodology/approach

This qualitative multiple-case study explores the best practices in two selected transformed schools through in-depth interviews, observations and document reviews. The data were collected from 2 school heads, 6 teachers with administrative responsibilities and 20 teachers. The themes were elucidated via open, axial and selective coding based on the grounded theory approach.

Findings

The analysis identified various best practices exhibited by school leaders, teachers, pupils, parents and the community. Four themes were found to be common as best practices in both selected schools, which were adaptive and multi-dimensional leadership, winning-the-hearts, extensive use of Information and Communication Technology in school operations, and a culture of acquiring and sharing professional knowledge. The unique theme for School A was the emphasis on the social, emotional and ethical well-being of the students, while extensive parental involvement and support was a unique theme identified in School B.

Research limitations/implications

The findings of this paper may be used as guidance tool for policy makers and educational planners regarding school transformation in Malaysia, and as well as in other countries. Such practices can be learned, adapted and replicated by other schools in order to transform. The findings also have direct implications to current teachers, school leaders, parents and the community.

Originality/value

This study contributes to the growing body of research on the best practices and school transformation in Malaysian transformed schools. There is a decisive need to explore the best practices of transformed schools in Malaysia based on their own cultural and contextual needs in order to help schools that aspire for transformation.

Keywords

Citation

Waheed, Z., Hussin, S. and Bin Megat Daud, M.A.K. (2018), "The best practices for school transformation: a multiple-case study", Journal of Educational Administration, Vol. 56 No. 1, pp. 88-103. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEA-11-2016-0136

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018, Emerald Publishing Limited

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