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Working framework of semantic interoperability for CRIS with heterogeneous data sources

Amed Leiva-Mederos (Department of Information and Communication, University of Granada, Granada, Spain)
Jose A. Senso (Department of Information and Communication, University of Granada, Granada, Spain)
Yusniel Hidalgo-Delgado (Department of Programming Techniques, University of Information Science, Havana, Cuba)
Pedro Hipola (Department of Information and Communication, University of Granada, Granada, Spain)

Journal of Documentation

ISSN: 0022-0418

Article publication date: 8 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

Information from Current Research Information Systems (CRIS) is stored in different formats, in platforms that are not compatible, or even in independent networks. It would be helpful to have a well-defined methodology to allow for management data processing from a single site, so as to take advantage of the capacity to link disperse data found in different systems, platforms, sources and/or formats. Based on functionalities and materials of the VLIR project, the purpose of this paper is to present a model that provides for interoperability by means of semantic alignment techniques and metadata crosswalks, and facilitates the fusion of information stored in diverse sources.

Design/methodology/approach

After reviewing the state of the art regarding the diverse mechanisms for achieving semantic interoperability, the paper analyzes the following: the specific coverage of the data sets (type of data, thematic coverage and geographic coverage); the technical specifications needed to retrieve and analyze a distribution of the data set (format, protocol, etc.); the conditions of re-utilization (copyright and licenses); and the “dimensions” included in the data set as well as the semantics of these dimensions (the syntax and the taxonomies of reference). The semantic interoperability framework here presented implements semantic alignment and metadata crosswalk to convert information from three different systems (ABCD, Moodle and DSpace) to integrate all the databases in a single RDF file.

Findings

The paper also includes an evaluation based on the comparison – by means of calculations of recall and precision – of the proposed model and identical consultations made on Open Archives Initiative and SQL, in order to estimate its efficiency. The results have been satisfactory enough, due to the fact that the semantic interoperability facilitates the exact retrieval of information.

Originality/value

The proposed model enhances management of the syntactic and semantic interoperability of the CRIS system designed. In a real setting of use it achieves very positive results.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the project VLIR of Cuba’s ICT network for aiding the academic formation and the research work behind this paper.

Citation

Leiva-Mederos, A., Senso, J.A., Hidalgo-Delgado, Y. and Hipola, P. (2017), "Working framework of semantic interoperability for CRIS with heterogeneous data sources", Journal of Documentation, Vol. 73 No. 3, pp. 481-499. https://doi.org/10.1108/JD-07-2016-0091

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited