The purpose of this paper is to compare the effectiveness of directive programmes led by professionals where parents were taught specific parenting knowledge and strategies (Triple P – Positive Parenting Program) and non-directive parenting programmes in the form of mutual-aid support group as a universal prevention programme.
This study employed a randomised controlled trial design. Participants included 92 Hong Kong Chinese parents with preschool children recruited from eight kindergartens and a local church. They were randomised into Group Triple P, non-directive group and control group. They completed measures on their perception of child behaviour problems and their parental stress before and after intervention.
At post-intervention, results indicated significantly greater decrease in child disruptive behaviours among participants in the Triple P group than those in the non-directive group and control group while no significant group difference was found between the latter two groups. No significant difference was found in post-intervention parental stress level among the three groups.
This study provides empirical evidence to demonstrate the effectiveness of a directive parenting programme vs a non-directive one.
Chan, S., Leung, C. and Sanders, M. (2016), "A randomised controlled trial comparing the effects of directive and non-directive parenting programmes as a universal prevention programme", Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 38-53. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-08-2014-0038
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