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The impact of COVID-19 on children from poor families in Ghana and the role of welfare institutions

Lorretta Domfeh Owusu ( University of Ghana , Accra, Ghana and Participatory Development Associates Ltd., Accra, Ghana)
Kwabena Frimpong-Manso (Department of Social Work, University of Ghana , Accra, Ghana and University of Johannesburg , Johannesburg, South Africa)

Journal of Children's Services

ISSN: 1746-6660

Article publication date: 19 October 2020

Issue publication date: 15 December 2020




This paper is focussed on answering the following questions: How are poor families surviving in this era of COVID-19? What is life for children from poor families? What has become of their reality? To understand the realities of poor families and children during COVID-19, specifically in Ghana, this paper aims to analyse how COVID-19 has affected children from poor families in Ghana and how welfare institutions can work to provide rapid help to such families.


COVID-19 is affecting different populations in almost all parts of the world. One group that is likely to experience challenges are children because they have to depend on others for their survival. This study, therefore, provides an expert opinion on the issues that children in Ghana might face because of the global public health pandemic. Nonetheless, this research relied on secondary data from articles, journals, related studies, textbooks and relevant web pages to support the points made in the paper.


COVID-19 has put a lot of undue economic and social pressure on poor families. Due to these pressures, children from such families are likely to suffer a higher risk of child labour and streetism. Furthermore, they may miss out on the social and economic benefits the school system provides such as the free meals provided for public schools by the Government of Ghana under the school feeding programme.


Admittedly, there have been numerous studies since the outbreak of C0VID-19 pandemic. However, this paper is the first paper discussing into detail how COVID-19 has affected children from poor families and addresses how state welfare institutions can leverage on the use of efficient management information system to identify and support poor families during and post-COVID-19.



Owusu, L.D. and Frimpong-Manso, K. (2020), "The impact of COVID-19 on children from poor families in Ghana and the role of welfare institutions", Journal of Children's Services, Vol. 15 No. 4, pp. 185-190.



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