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Work environment transformation in the post COVID-19 based on work values of the future workforce

Fruzsina Pataki-Bittó (Department of Ergonomics and Psychology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)
Kata Kapusy (Department of Ergonomics and Psychology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary)

Journal of Corporate Real Estate

ISSN: 1463-001X

Article publication date: 14 June 2021

Issue publication date: 3 August 2021

3357

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is to find out the future workforce’s work values and, based on them, to examine the work environment Generation Z are looking for in the situation of job search. Moreover, this study aims to provide ideas for organizations on how to transform the work environment for the post-COVID-19 era to attract and retain employees, especially the members of Generation Z.

Design/methodology/approach

The research design is based on the theory development method. Data were generated and collected from 28 focus groups and a survey (n = 773). First, initial coding was done with an affinity diagram, followed by the intermediate coding phase, when the authors compared the codings’ results and selected the core data. Finally, the advanced coding resulted in a work value model, which presents Generation Z’s core work value categories.

Findings

The paper presents a work value theory for Generation Z, which reflects their expectations of the physical work environment and the flexible work arrangements among the work values. To prepare for the post-COVID-19 era, this study suggests organizations applying hybrid working models.

Practical implications

Based on impacts and expected transformations in office work in the post-COVID-19 era, the paper calls attention to the critical management issues concerning Generation Z’s preferences and expectations.

Originality/value

The findings propose a broader work value theory approach that highlights the work environment’s convenience features and integrates values that support the employees’ desired lifestyle and well-being.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the individuals who generously shared their time, opinion for the purpose of this research.

Citation

Pataki-Bittó, F. and Kapusy, K. (2021), "Work environment transformation in the post COVID-19 based on work values of the future workforce", Journal of Corporate Real Estate, Vol. 23 No. 3, pp. 151-169. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCRE-08-2020-0031

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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