This explorative study aims to examine the impact of office type on employees' perception of managerial leadership, a largely unexplored area. A gender perspective is applied to examine whether women and men perceive leadership differently in different office types.
Cross-sectional study is based on 5,358 office employees from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Study of Health in 2010. The employees worked in the seven different office types identified in contemporary office design: cell-offices, shared-room offices, small open plan offices, medium-sized open plan offices, large open plan offices, flex-offices, and combi-offices. Cell-office was used as reference in the analysis.
Poorer ratings of leadership were found in shared-room offices, and better in medium-sized open plan offices. A tendency towards a gender difference in perceived leadership was found only in small open plan offices, which appear to be better for men and worse for women.
The results suggest that the office environment has an influence on perceived managerial leadership. This means office design should be considered in relation to leadership style in order for an organization to be successful.
To the authors' knowledge, no other study has investigated the relationship between office environment and managerial leadership.
The research was supported by FAS, the Swedish Council for Working life and Social Research (Postdoctoral grant 2011-0402) and Formas, the Swedish Research Council for Sustainable Development (Young mobility grant no: 259-2011-1580). With additional support from Magnus Bergwalls Stiftelse (MBS).
Bodin Danielsson, C., Wulff, C. and Westerlund, H. (2013), "Is perception of leadership influenced by office environment?", Journal of Corporate Real Estate, Vol. 15 No. 3/4, pp. 194-212. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCRE-03-2013-0008Download as .RIS
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