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The development of the active risk management system

Stephanie Kewley (Department of Criminology, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK)
Mark Blandford (MOSOVO, National College of Policing, Newcastle-under-Lyme, UK)

Journal of Criminal Psychology

ISSN: 2009-3829

Article publication date: 7 August 2017



The purpose of this paper is to detail the development and implementation process of a risk management tool that includes the assessment of static and dynamic factors, as well as factors that are both risk related and protective.


Active Risk Assessment System (ARMS) is a tool used to help criminal justice practitioners as they work to support the safe reintegration of those with sexual convictions back into the community.


The tool was developed for use by the police, probation and prison services across England and Wales and this paper outlines the following: the process adopted by the development team in designing the tool, the theoretical principles considered and adopted by the team, and a summary of the early evaluation and recommendations made.


This paper includes some further recommendations for both the developers of the tool and for the police service in England and Wales.



Kewley, S. and Blandford, M. (2017), "The development of the active risk management system", Journal of Criminal Psychology, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 155-167.



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