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Validation of the Urdu version of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity within a sample of Pakistani incarcerated delinquents

Sonia Shagufta (Department of Psychology, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK)
Katie Dhingra (Department of Criminology, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, UK)
Agata Debowska (Department of Psychology, University of Chester, Chester, UK)
Derrol Kola-Palmer (Department of Psychology, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK)

Journal of Criminal Psychology

ISSN: 2009-3829

Article publication date: 3 May 2016

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the dimensionality, composite reliability, and incremental validity of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity (MCSI) in a sample of Pakistani incarcerated delinquents (n=315) following translation of the measure into Urdu.

Design/methodology/approach

Four alternative factor models, with uncorrelated measurement error terms, were specified and tested using confirmatory factor analysis and bifactor modelling techniques.

Findings

Results indicated that a three-factor model provided a better fit to the data than the alternative models tested. The reliability of the scale was established using composite reliability. Furthermore, structural equation modelling revealed that the three MCSI factors were differentially related with external variables, indicating that the MCSI measures substantially different domains.

Research limitations/implications

Implications for theory and future research are discussed.

Originality/value

The results add valuable evidence as to the cross-cultural applicability of the MCSI.

Keywords

Citation

Shagufta, S., Dhingra, K., Debowska, A. and Kola-Palmer, D. (2016), "Validation of the Urdu version of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity within a sample of Pakistani incarcerated delinquents", Journal of Criminal Psychology, Vol. 6 No. 2, pp. 89-99. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCP-03-2016-0010

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016, Emerald Group Publishing Limited