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International policies for sustainable development from cultural empowerment

Yacy-Ara Froner (School of Architecture, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil) (School of Fine Arts, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil)

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2044-1266

Article publication date: 15 May 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the international agenda regarding the discussion on the sustainable development. It asserts the idea that economic growth is a process that embraces the cultural values, human capability, and transnational policies aimed to guide and support the efforts of nations to achieve social security. The paper places the issues of contemporary heritage science theory on the recent debate concerning the cultural heritage preservation based on scientific, legal, social, and management issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper selected mainly reports, declarations, resolutions, and recommendations concerning this theme. The framework comprehends almost 30 years: from the first project titled “World Decade of Cultural Development” (1988) to the last conference in Tanzania (2016). Some questions defined the methodological approach of this investigation: how can we generate sustainability in terms of the use, maintenance, and conservation of cultural heritage? How can we adjust the local, national, and international guidelines to a common logic without letting go of the community autonomy?

Findings

The paper provides a historical context about the enlargement of the debate concerning the international policies for sustainable development from cultural empowerment. It suggests that UNESCO, WHC, and ICCROM have been promoting positive projects in vulnerable regions.

Research limitations/implications

Eurocentric models of development and occidental concept of culture exposure in the selected documents should be reviewed mainly in decolonization areas.

Practical implications

The article offers a distinct perspective for the system of international evaluation of cultural heritage, and a different focus of reflection for the academic community.

Originality/value

The study promotes a reflection regarding the international agenda for sustainable development over the last 30 years.

Keywords

Citation

Froner, Y.-A. (2017), "International policies for sustainable development from cultural empowerment", Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 7 No. 2, pp. 208-223. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHMSD-10-2016-0056

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited