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Designation of Batu Arang, Selangor as the coal mining and Geological Heritage Site: issues and challenges

Rohaslinda Ramele Ramli (College of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia)
Muhammad Haiqal Ali (College of Built Environment, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia)
Abdullah Anas Abu Bakar (State of Selangor Malay Custom and Heritage Corporation, Selangor State Government, Shah Alam, Malaysia)
Nadia Widyawati Madzhi (State of Selangor Malay Custom and Heritage Corporation, Selangor State Government, Shah Alam, Malaysia)

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2044-1266

Article publication date: 12 December 2022

13

Abstract

Purpose

The paper explores the roles of involved organizations in the designation of Batu Arang in Gombak, Selangor, Malaysia, as the Coal Mining and Geological Heritage Site, the heritage significance selected as the elements of its designation and the challenges faced by the involved stakeholders during the designation process.

Design/methodology/approach

The primary research material is derived from the documentation review on the final draft of the Special Area Plan (RKK) of Batu Arang and the final draft of the Geopark Management Plan, field investigation on the heritage significances and interviews with the involved organizations: the Selayang Municipal Council (MPS), the State of Selangor Malay Custom and Heritage Corporation (PADAT) and the Village Community Management Council (MPKK) of Batu Arang.

Findings

This paper found that Batu Arang has the potential to be developed as an important heritage mining site and heritage tourism destination; however, many of the heritage significances are being demolished, invaded and abandoned due to human aggression or effects of nature. In addition, it reveals the roles of each involved organization, issues that occurred and challenges faced by the organizations during the designation process as a heritage site, namely in terms of management, property ownership and promotion.

Originality/value

The paper outlines that a heritage mining site like Batu Arang should be considered an important heritage as well as other heritage sites in Malaysia, and issues and challenges faced during the designation process should be discussed critically to ensure that these heritage significances will not be neglected and abandoned.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to acknowledge the Landscape Department and the Town Planning Department of the Selayang Municipal Council (MPS), the State of Selangor Malay Custom and Heritage Corporation (PADAT) and the Village Community Management Council (MPKK) of Batu Arang for the information and cooperation given during this study.

Citation

Ramele Ramli, R., Ali, M.H., Anas Abu Bakar, A. and Widyawati Madzhi, N. (2022), "Designation of Batu Arang, Selangor as the coal mining and Geological Heritage Site: issues and challenges", Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCHMSD-06-2022-0102

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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