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Community-based management of the USAT Liberty, Bali, Indonesia: Pathways to sustainable cultural heritage tourism

Alqiz Lukman (Departemen Arkeologi, Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia) (Pusat Penelitian Arkeologi Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia)

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2044-1266

Article publication date: 23 March 2020

Issue publication date: 15 June 2020




This study presents an example of sustainable cultural heritage tourism. The heritage tourism at the site of the ship USAT Liberty in the small fishing village of Tulamben on the northeast coast of Bali Island plays a significant role in the lives of the local people who live nearby, who actively participate in the site's management.


This study assessed the management of the site by the local community by means of formal interviews with major stakeholders, informal conversations, and observations in the field.


Although it lacks any direct historical connection with the local community, the reuse of the shipwreck as a tourist asset has motivated the community to participate in the conservation of the site and sustain its values. This article argues that the case of the USAT Liberty demonstrates that the management of heritage sites can be effectively sustained using bottom-up approaches.


The USAT Liberty case study provides insights and practical recommendations that could be valuable for other cultural heritage sites in implementing management with a bottom-up approach. This paper enriches the knowledge of community-based management and promotes it as a pathway to sustainable cultural heritage tourism.



The author would like to thank my MA Thesis supervisor at Leiden University, Dr. Monique H. van den Dries and Dr. Martijn R. Manders for their help and guidance during my studies there. A part of this paper was based on my MA Thesis. I also thank the Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia for their help in the publication of this research.


Lukman, A. (2020), "Community-based management of the USAT Liberty, Bali, Indonesia: Pathways to sustainable cultural heritage tourism", Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 217-231.



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