To read this content please select one of the options below:

Local collaboration network in management of built heritage: A study of Pangani Conservation Task Force (PCTF) in Tanzania

Noel Biseko Lwoga (Department of Archaeology and Heritage Studies, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania)

Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development

ISSN: 2044-1266

Article publication date: 3 August 2017

Issue publication date: 18 September 2017




The purpose of this paper is to apply stakeholder and network theories to explore local collaboration network, its structural features and their implications to the management of the built heritage.


This paper applies stakeholder and network analyses. It follows a case study approach using multiple data collection methods such as the documentary analysis, and semi-structured interviews with 22 local stakeholders in the Pangani Conservation Task Force’s (PCTF’s) in Tanzania. It subjects the data to thematic analysis through the NVivo program, and to network analysis through the UCINET and NETDRAW programs.


This paper indicates that the PCTF is composed of heterogeneous stakeholders who are networked in a less cohesive structure, whereby the collaboration system is dominated by conservation actors while marginalizing tourism and some local resident groups. This structure, despite its inherent disadvantages, was found to enhance the achievement of PCTF’s conservation goals in the short term.

Research limitations/implications

The single case study approach makes generalizing beyond the study area difficult. Nevertheless, the findings raise relevant issues for further multiple-case investigations on collaboration systems from a built heritage perspective.


This paper is the first insightful exploration of the stakeholder collaboration system in the local built heritage site in Tanzania, using both the stakeholder and network analyses. It presents a useful tool for organizational analysis in heritage management and makes a good argument for its use to better understand participatory management.



The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers, and participants in the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Tourism in Developing Countries (ICST-DC, held in Dar es Salaam in July 2016) for their constructive comments.


Lwoga, N.B. (2017), "Local collaboration network in management of built heritage: A study of Pangani Conservation Task Force (PCTF) in Tanzania", Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 226-243.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited

Related articles