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Effect of Chinese foreign direct investment on economic growth in Africa

Isaac Doku (Department of Business Administration, Data Link Institute, Tema, Ghana)
John Akuma (Department of Business Administration, Data Link Institute, Tema, Ghana)
John Owusu-Afriyie (Department of Economics, University of Ghana School of Social Sciences, Legon, Ghana)

Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies

ISSN: 1754-4408

Article publication date: 5 June 2017

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Abstract

Purpose

This study aims to examine the quantitative effect and direction of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on economic growth in Africa using a sample of 20 African countries from 2003 to 2012 with data obtained from United Nations Conference on Trade and Development and the World Bank.

Design/methodology/approach

The study used panel least squares regression, specifically fixed effect model to examine the quantitative effect of Chinese FDI on economic growth in Africa. The study also used Granger causality test to examine whether a causal relationship exists between economic growth and China’s FDI in Africa.

Findings

The study finds that a 1 per cent increase in China’s FDI stock in Africa significantly increases Africa’s gross domestic product (GDP) growth by 0.607 per cent, all things being equal. Furthermore, the study finds that a causal link exists between GDP growth in Africa and China’s FDI and the nature of causality is unidirectional.

Practical implications

The study recommends that to stimulate Chinese FDI in Africa, free visas must be given to Chinese investors coming into the continent, low tariffs should be imposed on inputs and intermediate goods from China and grant of business operation permit to Chinese investors must be made less bureaucratic.

Originality/value

This research has not been presented to any journal for publication and is originally written by the authors.

Keywords

Citation

Doku, I., Akuma, J. and Owusu-Afriyie, J. (2017), "Effect of Chinese foreign direct investment on economic growth in Africa", Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Vol. 10 No. 2, pp. 162-171. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCEFTS-06-2017-0014

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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