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Modelling the supplier selection process enablers using ISM and fuzzy MICMAC approach

Sudarshan Kumar (Department of Mechanical Engineering, S.V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, India.)
Ravi Kant (Mechanical Engineering Department, S.V. National Institute of Technology, Surat, India)

Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing

ISSN: 0885-8624

Article publication date: 1 June 2015




The purpose of this paper is to present an approach to successful supplier selection process (SSP) by understanding the dynamics between SSP enablers (SSPEs), using interpretive structure modelling (ISM) methodology and find out driving and the dependence power of enablers, using fuzzy MICMAC (Matriced’ Impacts Croisés Appliquée á un Classement) analysis.


The group of experts from industries and the academics were consulted and ISM is used to develop the contextual relationship among various SSPEs for each dimension of supplier selection. The results of the ISM are used as an input to the fuzzy MICMAC analysis to identify the driving and the dependence power of SSPEs.


The research presents a hierarchy-based model and mutual relationships among SSPEs. The research shows that there is a group of SSPEs having a high driving power and low dependence, which requires maximum attention and is of strategic importance, while another group consists of those SSPEs that have high dependence and low driving power, which requires the resultant actions.

Research limitations/implications

The weightage obtained for the ISM model development and fuzzy MICMAC are obtained through the judgment of academician and few industry experts. It is the only subjective judgment and any biasing by the person who is judging the SSPEs might influence the final result. A questionnaire survey can be conducted to catch the insight on these SSPEs from more organizations.

Practical implications

This category provides a useful tool for top management to differentiate between independent and dependent SSPEs and their mutual relationships which would help them to focus on those key SSPEs that are most significant for effective supplier selection.


Arrangement of SSPEs in a hierarchy, the categorization into the driver and dependent categories, and fuzzy MICMAC are an exclusive effort in the area of supplier selection.



Kumar, S., Gorane, S. and Kant, R. (2015), "Modelling the supplier selection process enablers using ISM and fuzzy MICMAC approach", Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, Vol. 30 No. 5, pp. 536-551.



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