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Challenges confronting e-learning in higher education institutions in Nigeria amid Covid -19

Ngozi Clara Eli-Chukwu (Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria)
Innocent Chiawa Igbokwe (Department of Educational Management and Policy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria)
Barnabas Ifebude (Department of Computer Science, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria)
Daniel Nmadu (Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria)
Wilfred Iguodala (University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria)
Uzubi Uma (Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria)
Robert Ugochukwu Onyeneke (Agriculture (Agricultural Economics and Extension Programme), Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Abakaliki, Nigeria)
Florence Ukamaka Akudo (Department of Educational Management and Policy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 11 February 2022

Issue publication date: 2 January 2023

212

Abstract

Purpose

The shutdown of normal face-to-face educational method of learning caused by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has made the education stakeholders reconsider and rethink education anew in light of the emerging challenges and opportunities imposed on e-learning in higher education in Nigeria post COVID-19. This study investigates the challenges confronting e-learning in higher education in Nigeria amid COVID-19.

Design/methodology/approach

Drawing upon data collected through a structured questionnaire administered to 395 lecturers in various disciplines in private, state and federal universities in Nigeria, the study adopts a quantitative research method. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.

Findings

The findings indicate that Nigeria Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are still in the early stage of adopting the e-learning mode of study. In addition, there was no existing e-learning curriculum before the pandemic. Also, adopting e-learning mode of teaching was an uphill task for both the lecturers and the learners, given the lack of experience in information and communications technology usage and inadequate infrastructure to support e-learning.

Research limitations/implications

A major limitation of the study is the inability to investigate the challenges facing students in using e-learning tools due to the unavailability of access to students during the lockdown. However, the limitations create opportunities for further studies into the subject matter.

Originality/value

The study is timely given that HEIs in Nigeria and some other countries in Africa are yet to adopt blended teaching methods. Literature reveals that most HEIs in Nigeria are using only brick and mortar mode of teaching despite the benefit of blended learning in a pandemic situation.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

Competing interest: The authors declare that they have no known conflict of interest.

Originality of the study: The authors declare that the manuscript is original, and the data contained herein are authentic.

Citation

Eli-Chukwu, N.C., Igbokwe, I.C., Ifebude, B., Nmadu, D., Iguodala, W., Uma, U., Onyeneke, R.U. and Akudo, F.U. (2023), "Challenges confronting e-learning in higher education institutions in Nigeria amid Covid -19", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 15 No. 1, pp. 238-253. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-09-2021-0346

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2022, Emerald Publishing Limited

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