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English instructors’ motivation levels in Islamic higher education

Muhammad Fauzan Ansyari (Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim, Pekanbaru, Indonesia)
Fabio Oliveira Coelho (British Council Shanghai Centre, Shanghai, China)
Kalayo Hasibuan (Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim, Pekanbaru, Indonesia)
Dodi Settiawan (Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim, Pekanbaru, Indonesia)
Masni Kamallia (Department of Islamic Psychology, STAI Diniyah Pekanbaru, Pekanbaru, Indonesia)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 31 July 2019

Issue publication date: 15 December 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the motivation levels of non-permanent English instructors (lecturers) in a university language centre (LC) and the factors with regard to what elements sustain their motivation to teach English and to remain in the Teaching English as a Foreign Language (TEFL) profession at an Islamic higher education institution.

Design/methodology/approach

An exploratory case study with a purposive sampling technique was employed in this study. Ten instructors (seven females and three males) aged between 26 and 40 years old participated (M = 29.6 year olds). The selected participants in the sample were instructors who had taught between three to nine years at the LC (M = 3.9 years), and interviews were the tools used to collect data.

Findings

Overall, LC instructors’ motivation is not internalised or less internalised into their self-concept. This can be seen from the results that show, respectively, instructors’ levels of no internalisation (42 per cent), less internalisation (40.5 per cent), more internalisation (11 per cent) and full internalisation (6.5 per cent). In total, 11 factors were identified: the influence of others, financial benefits, professional development opportunities, schedule flexibility, supportive working environment, social status and acceptance, a stepping stone for career advancement, networking, dedication, challenge and teaching as a calling. In general, it has been found that instructors are more externally than internally regulated or motivated.

Research limitations/implications

This study only employed interview to collect data and had only ten respondents.

Originality/value

Data were collected at the LC of an Islamic institution of higher education institution where instructors are non-permanently employed. The LC is a TEFL environment serving about 12,000 students a year. This study, therefore, allows for an understanding of instructors’ motivation in such context.

Keywords

Citation

Ansyari, M.F., Coelho, F.O., Hasibuan, K., Settiawan, D. and Kamallia, M. (2020), "English instructors’ motivation levels in Islamic higher education", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 649-658. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-07-2018-0147

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited