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“Preparing students for what lies ahead”: Teaching dental public health leadership with simulated community partners

Dennis McCunney (East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA)
C. Ervin Davis (US Department of Veterans Affairs, Darien, Georgia, USA)
B. Alex White (School of Dentistry, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA)
John Howard (School of Communication, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 2 April 2019

Issue publication date: 18 June 2019

Abstract

Purpose

Dental school curricula increasingly emphasize training in leadership, public health, community engagement and collaboration. Leadership may be defined as a relational process for inspiring and influencing positive change. Leadership training focused on effectively building relationships and partnerships to improve community health is particularly important with the increased emphasis on dental primary care, holistic care, rural care and health disparities. Dentists and other health care providers are encouraged to engage with communities and community partners and organizations to improve healthcare and overall health. To better educate and train dental students to meet these challenges, new and innovative methods of didactic and experiential coursework are needed. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

Design/methodology/approach

The current study describes the development, delivery and preliminary evaluation of a community-engaged leadership training program for dental students. The program incorporated student-developed public health project proposals and sessions with simulated community partners based on a simulated rural community with specific oral and general health needs.

Findings

Overall, students felt the training was realistic and valuable for developing leadership skills and preparing them for challenges that could not have been learned through didactic instruction alone. Students gained a better understanding of their own leadership styles, their strengths and weaknesses and their level of developed leadership competencies.

Originality/value

This program is an innovative way to develop leadership applied to public health and community needs and should have implications for ways of teaching leadership to improve oral health outcomes.

Keywords

Acknowledgements

This research was made possible through a generous grant from the BB&T Leadership Teaching Fellows program and the Office of Faculty Excellence at East Carolina University.

Citation

McCunney, D., Davis, C.E., White, B.A. and Howard, J. (2019), "“Preparing students for what lies ahead”: Teaching dental public health leadership with simulated community partners", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 11 No. 3, pp. 559-573. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-07-2018-0137

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited