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Factors predicting job satisfaction among faculty members of a Saudi higher education institution

Ahmed Al Kuwaiti (Department of Dental Education, College of Dentistry and Deanship of Quality and Academic Accreditation, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia)
Hasan Ali Bicak (Rauf Denktas University, Nicosia, North Cyprus)
Saeed Wahass (College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 26 July 2019

Issue publication date: 7 April 2020

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the level of job satisfaction among faculty members of the health sciences program at a Saudi higher education institution; and predict the influence of various factors on overall job satisfaction. However, this study is quite different since it intended to evaluate the level of job satisfaction of faculty members using a self-structured questionnaire and ascertained the various factors influencing the overall job satisfaction of Saudi academics.

Design/methodology/approach

An exploratory study design was adopted and Academic Job Satisfaction (AJS) survey was administered to 943 faculty members of the health sciences program through an online system. A total of 850 faculty members responded to 47 items and one global rating item (overall job satisfaction) using a five-point ordinal scale.

Findings

The level of job satisfaction of health sciences’ faculty members on all dimensions of AJS is observed to be high (>3.5) except salary, which is shown as medium (2.5–3.49). Regression analysis indicates the factors other than Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) administrative policies and interpersonal relationships are significant predictors of overall job satisfaction; and salary is the most significant predictor of overall job satisfaction among health sciences’ faculty members.

Originality/value

This study adds a value to the existing literature by exploring the factors influencing job satisfaction of health sciences’ faculty members working in Saudi Universities. This would aid policy makers to focus on these factors, thereby improve and maintain job satisfaction among healthcare academics.

Keywords

Citation

Kuwaiti, A.A., Bicak, H.A. and Wahass, S. (2020), "Factors predicting job satisfaction among faculty members of a Saudi higher education institution", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 296-310. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-07-2018-0128

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited