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Employee engagement as a mediating variable on the relationship between employee relation practice and employee performance in a developing economy

Mohammed Sani Abdullahi (Faculty of Business, Multimedia University – Melaka Campus, Melaka, Malaysia) (Department of Business Administration, Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano, Kano, Nigeria)
Kavitha Raman (Faculty of Business, Multimedia University – Melaka Campus, Melaka, Malaysia)
Sakiru Adebola Solarin (School of Economics, University of Nottingham – Malaysia Campus, Semenyih, Malaysia)
Adams Adeiza (Faculty of Entrepreneurship and Business, Global Entrepreneurship Research and Innovation Center – GERIC, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, City Campus, Kota Bharu, Malaysia)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 3 December 2021

Issue publication date: 2 January 2023

199

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this research is to investigate the mediating effect of employee engagement (EE) on the relationship between employee relation practice and employee performance in Malaysian private universities (MPUs).

Design/methodology/approach

This paper used a survey research design, and the study unit of the analysis consists of the academic staff of MPU. A sample of 314 teaching staff was used out of the target population (10,473) of the research, while simple random and stratified sampling techniques were used in order to determine the research sample. Data for the research were collected from the target participants via questionnaires, and partial least square-structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) was utilized to evaluate the research hypotheses.

Findings

The outcome of the research revealed that employee relation practice (ERP) has a substantial effect on employee performance (EP), and EE partially mediates the relationship between ERP and EP.

Practical implications

The outcome of this study has urged the universities' management to focus on building effective and sustainable ERP that will ensure academic engagement that can result to sound academic performance and university growth.

Originality/value

This research has contributed significantly to the body of knowledge by operationalizing EP, ERP and EE literature. In extension, this research contributes to develop the literature of leaders, acknowledging the ERP as an important tool for leadership growth.

Keywords

Citation

Abdullahi, M.S., Raman, K., Solarin, S.A. and Adeiza, A. (2023), "Employee engagement as a mediating variable on the relationship between employee relation practice and employee performance in a developing economy", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 15 No. 1, pp. 83-97. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-06-2021-0222

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited

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