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Examining pre-post results: Kouzes and Posner’s LPI amid undergraduate health professions students in a leadership program

Roberta Waite (Department of Nursing, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)
Janell Mensinger (Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)
Christine Wojciechowicz (College of Arts and Sciences, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)
Angela Colistra (Department of Counseling and Family Therapy, College of Nursing and Health Professions, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)
Stephen Gambescia (Department of Health Services Administration, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 25 January 2019

Issue publication date: 25 January 2019

309

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine changes in scores from the Kouzes and Posner Student Leadership Practices Inventory of undergraduate students in the health professions who were engaged in a nine-month leadership program. The authors also assessed changes in scores on the same inventory for several observers who rated the students’ leadership competence and examined differences between the students’ self-assessment on leadership practices and those of their observers.

Design/methodology/approach

A pre-post survey design using repeated measures factorial ANOVA, Pearson correlations and paired t-tests was used to investigate the data. An α level of 0.05 was used.

Findings

Statistically significant changes were found in the pre- to post-surveys of students on three of the five subscales but only one of the five subscales for observers. Students’ and observers’ ratings were largely uncorrelated, with the exception of Encouraging the Heart ratings at post-program.

Research limitations/implications

Participants were recruited from one setting at a private university in the USA and the sample size was small. A control group was not available to offer a comparison for the outcomes of the leadership program and only quantitative data were assessed.

Originality/value

Data capturing undergraduate leadership practices on students in the health professions using a validated tool bring value to better understanding strategies that university faculty can use to improve students’ leadership skills.

Keywords

Citation

Waite, R., Mensinger, J., Wojciechowicz, C., Colistra, A. and Gambescia, S. (2019), "Examining pre-post results: Kouzes and Posner’s LPI amid undergraduate health professions students in a leadership program", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 146-159. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-05-2018-0083

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited

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