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The influence of psychological, motivational, and behavioral factors on university students' achievements: the mediating effect of academic adjustment

Syed Ali Raza (Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan)
Wasim Qazi (Department of Management Sciences, Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan)
Sara Qamar Yousufi (Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan)

Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education

ISSN: 2050-7003

Article publication date: 22 August 2020

Issue publication date: 7 June 2021

1249

Abstract

Purpose

Academic adjustment is an important indicator which represents the students' academic achievements. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the fundamental role of academic adjustment for the success of student's by considering the influence of several psychological, motivational and behavioral factors that affect the academic adjustment of students in the university which then influences the students' academic achievements.

Design/methodology/approach

Data were gathered through self-administered questionnaires from 409 students enrolled in a Business degree program in an academic institution by using a convenience sampling technique. Structural equation modeling (SEM) technique has been applied for analyzing the data and the proposed hypothesis.

Findings

Results obtained from partial least square (PLS)-SEM analysis indicated that academic adjustment is affected by psychological, motivational and behavioral factors and in turn influences the outcomes of success. Moreover, the findings also showed that psychological and motivational factors, directly and indirectly via partial mediation of adjustment, and behavioral factors via full mediation of academic adjustment influences the outcomes of success.

Practical implications

The study implies that it is important for university policymakers that they should give great priority to fully exploiting its potential to facilitate student's effective adjustment to academic life. Universities should pay attention to enhancing the academic study skills of students which leads to gains in academic achievement. Furthermore, universities should integrate self-regulated skills and provides motivation to students which is the biggest contributor toward adjustment as well as this study broadens the understanding of psychological capital as a resource that enhances academic adjustment.

Originality/value

Very little attention has been given to examining the role of academic adjustment in the success of students. Therefore, the present study makes two contributions to this research. First, the study broadens the understanding of psychological capital with the potential to strengthen adjustment with academic life in domains, i.e. academic achievement and institutional adjustment. Second, the study identifies which motivational and behavioral factors affect academic adjustment and achievement.

Keywords

Citation

Raza, S.A., Qazi, W. and Yousufi, S.Q. (2021), "The influence of psychological, motivational, and behavioral factors on university students' achievements: the mediating effect of academic adjustment", Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 849-870. https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-03-2020-0065

Publisher

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Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2020, Emerald Publishing Limited

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