To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Family firms’ management decision to export/not to export: a resource-based view

Abel Duarte Alonso (Liverpool Business School, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK) (School of Business and Law, Markets and Services Research Centre (MASRC), Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia)
Seamus O’Brien (Liverpool Business School, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK)

Journal of Advances in Management Research

ISSN: 0972-7981

Article publication date: 7 August 2017

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address some knowledge gaps in the family entrepreneurship literature, examining the cases of seven Western Australian family firms with various degrees of export involvement, including no involvement. In this process, the study incorporates the resource-based view of the firm (RBVF).

Design/methodology/approach

Face-to-face and telephone interviews conducted with firm co-owners and one manager of seven family firms. Content analysis and word association were employed to analyse the data gathered.

Findings

The interviews revealed the significance of various key resources regardless of firms’ extent of export involvement. Indeed, alignments with the RBVF emerged, with firms’ strategies resting on valuable, rare, perfectly immobile and non-substitutable resource attributes. More lucrative consumer markets, diversifying, product recognition and minimising the impact of domestic competitors were main reasons to export. In contrast, rising costs, unfavourable currency exchanges or mediocre previous experiences were motives for discontinuing exports. Nonetheless, building on their resource foundation, non-exporting firms’ strategies focussed on strengthening their involvement in the domestic market, perceived as a valued alternative.

Originality/value

The academic literature identifies various knowledge gaps concerning family firm entrepreneurship, including research focussing on family firms’ internationalisation process. By addressing this under-researched area, the study provides an element of originality and value. In addition, despite Western Australia’s proximity to neighbouring markets, limited contemporary research on family firms has been conducted in this state; hence, the study provides an original component. Finally, the study seeks to refine the RBVF in the context of family firm research.

Keywords

Citation

Duarte Alonso, A. and O’Brien, S. (2017), "Family firms’ management decision to export/not to export: a resource-based view", Journal of Advances in Management Research, Vol. 14 No. 3, pp. 270-287. https://doi.org/10.1108/JAMR-06-2016-0053

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017, Emerald Publishing Limited